Browsing the "Paleogene" Category

The Paleogene period is a division of earth’s history spanning from around 66 to 23 million years ago, and during which life recovered following the end Cretaceous mass extinction. The Paleogene was a warm stable period with temperatures on average 4°C above present. However, around 55 million years ago, the planet experienced a short but severe warming phase. During the Paleogene, the continents continued to disperse. The Indian and Atlantic oceans widened while the Tethys Ocean gradually closed as Africa collided with Europe and India collided with Asia leading to Alpine and Himalayan mountain building. Drake’s passage opened between South America and Antarctica leading to cooling of the southern continent. On land and in the oceans, mammals became increasingly diverse and abundant. Most of the major mammal groups, from primates to whales, first appeared within the Paleogene. Birds also continued to diversify. One of the most successful plant groups; the grasses, also evolved during this time. By the end of the period, the Antarctic ice sheet had begun to form accompanied by global cooling and sea level fall.


Episode 103: Terror birds

Published on September 15th, 2019 | by Liz Martin-Silverstone

Terror birds, or phorusrhacids as they are known scientifically, are a group of large, flightless birds that lived during the Cenozoic, and truly lived up to their name. Known for their large, powerful skulls, and enormous [&hellip... Read More


Evolution of echolocation in dolphins

Published on April 13th, 2016 | by Liz Martin-Silverstone

Echolocation is an amazing ability that some mammals have evolved. Using sonar frequencies, dolphins and other toothed whales can communicate with each other and hunt prey, making the unique amongst marine mammals at being able to [&hellip... Read More


New Mammal from the Early Palaeocene

Published on October 5th, 2015 | by Liz Martin-Silverstone

The Cenozoic has often been described as the ‘Age of the Mammals’, while the Mesozoic was the ‘Age of the Dinosaurs’ which ended with the extinction of non-avian dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous. Mammals, [&hellip... Read More


Early primate growth history

Published on September 16th, 2015 | by Liz Martin-Silverstone

Primate evolution is something that is heavily debated and not very well understood in palaeontology, but it is still heavily studied. In 2009, an amazing primate fossil was found in Messel, dating to approximately 47 million [&hellip... Read More


Episode 45: Post K-Pg radiations

Published on June 1st, 2015 | by David Marshall

The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) mass extinction was the latest of the ‘big five’ events. Approximately 75% of species went extinct, with the most notable victims being non-avian dinosaurs. But what happened afterwards? By which methods were some [&hellip... Read More


Episode 32: Canids

Published on August 5th, 2014 | by David Marshall

We’re all familiar with canines (dogs, wolves, jackals, foxes, etc), but these are just only one of three sub-families of the larger canid family to survive to the present day. There were also the Hesperocyoninae and [&hellip... Read More


Episode 26: The Tree of Mammals

Published on February 1st, 2014 | by Joe Keating

Mammals are an incredibly diverse and highly successful group of animals. They include some of the tallest, heaviest and fastest animals around today, as well as our own species. For over 100 years, biologists have attempted [&hellip... Read More

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