The Ordovician period is a division of earth’s history spanning from around 485 to 443 million years ago, and during which life continued to diversify following the Cambrian ‘explosion’. During the Ordovician, planktonic organisms increased in diversity, corals became common and the first vertebrates flourished. The continents were largely confined to the southern hemisphere, however they were rapidly drifting apart and northwards owing to an increase in production of new ocean crust. The Ordovician was a period of mountain building and volcanism owing to the gradual closing of the Iapetus Ocean, which separated the ancient super-continents of Laurentia and Gondwana. Sea levels reached 200 meters above present during the Ordovician, meaning much of the continental landmasses were flooded by shallow seas. The end of the Ordovician is characterised by severe glaciations contemporaneous with a major drop in sea level and the second largest extinction event in earth’s history.
Published on February 15th, 2013 | by David Marshall
Fossils, at the best of times, are difficult to interpret. Palaeontologists attempt to reconstruct organisms from what little remains are left. This can be relatively simple for groups that we are familiar with today; you can [&hellip... Read More →
Published on September 1st, 2012 | by David Marshall
In June we got the opportunity to speak to Dave Rudkin, curator of arthropods at the Royal Ontario Museum, Canada. In our interview we covered his discovery of Isotelus rex, the world’s largest trilobite, and discussed arthropod [&hellip... Read More →